• +86 188-0018-6806
  • harveyyan@zhongyinlawyer.com

Author Archive Harvey Yan

把未来赌在火箭上很冒险,但是不这么投入才是最大的冒险,因为成功的希望为零

引文/Lisa

超前的思维,创新的意识。大气而幽默的天才,只一句”由地球人类制造”而非”谁谁谁制造”就展示了这个牛人的胸怀,这才叫自主创新!自主品牌,看到牛人的创新,才能让人知道创新的力量!才能真正体会到巨人的超前的思维和幽默。

 第一次听到马斯克这个名字是在2016年的6月我们爱普生涯的事业生涯咨询师认证班上,被鞠洁导师当做复天命的典范拿出来跟大家讲的,就是有那么一些人,他们的使命是整个宇宙,马斯克是其中之一!并且他成功的路径有很多值得我们创业者借鉴的地方!

凭着这几年在生涯领域的沉淀及我们爱普生涯独家的识人体系,我遇见了一家平台的创始人,也是这种胸怀宇宙有使命感的人,当时毫不犹豫的达成了初步合作! 当你经历过2016年的转型,直面过2017年的挑战,才能深深懂得2018年的精进才是自动进化的生存本能!

在这样的时代,我们唯一能做的:找到同频者,一起精进!

马斯克:人生的极限是没有极限 来自生涯咨询师

00:00

10:44

点击音频即可收听主播 SASA 的声音

     

  

作者:Bob Kou

最近的朋友圈毋庸置疑都被一条新闻刷屏了——

 

人类现役运力最强的火箭重型猎鹰首飞成功!

 

这枚重型猎鹰火箭,秒杀现役所有国家的火箭。就拿最重要的指标运力值来说:重型猎鹰火箭能载63.8吨,约是中国长征5号运力的3倍。按照规划,中国需要等到2030年才有可能造出同等载重级别的火箭。

 

在全球都在举国之力量做航天事业的时候,这枚火箭制造商,却是一家美国的私人企业——SpaceX。说SpaceX可能大家还不熟悉,但提到电动汽车特斯拉,在线支付平台paypal,就不陌生了。而这些公司背后是同一个老板——埃隆·马斯克。

 

能创办这些公司的马斯克,从外形上看只是一个普通的外国人。但他却具有极强的思考能力、动手能力、冒险和创新精神以及强大的意志力,永远在挑战最难的事。因此他可以带领团队,靠私人企业的力量,造出独步世界的火箭和电动车。

 

1971年,马斯克出生于南非,是一名英荷混血儿。10岁的马斯克就利用自己攒的零花钱和父亲赞助的部分资金买了人生中第一台电脑,之后又买了一本编程教科书,并且学会了如何编程。

 

12岁时,他编制的太空电子游戏以500美元价格成功出售,拿到第一桶金。17岁时,他只身一人前往加拿大住在亲戚家。4年后,依靠奖学金转入美国宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院攻读经济学。大学期间,他开始深入关注互联网、清洁能源、太空这三个影响人类未来发展的领域。

 

取得经济学士学位后,他又留校一年拿到了物理学士学位。1995年,24岁的马斯克进入斯坦福大学攻读材料科学和应用物理硕士。但在入学后的第2天,他决定不再浪费时间,离开学校开启了自己的创业人生:建立了一家为新闻机构开发在线内容出版软件的公司——Zip2。4年后,Zip2被康柏公司以3.07亿美元现金和3400万美元股票期权收购。

 

1998年,28岁的埃隆创立了划时代的支付工具——PayPal,比马云的支付宝早了整整6年。PayPal掀起了网络支付的革命,后被eBay以15亿美元收购。

 

得到这两桶金后,马斯克开始想,有哪些问题可能影响人类未来?地球面临的最大问题是他一直在思考的:一个是能源的可持续化使用问题,另一个影响人类未来的生存发展,即如何移居到其他星球。

 

于是,对于第一个问题,他成立了特斯拉和Solar City(美国最大的屋顶太阳能系统供应商);对于第二个问题,他创立了太空科技公司Space X,启动人类移民火星计划,他希望在火星上退休直至终老。

 

在发射火箭这件事情上,马斯克此前经历了2006年3-8月的三次连续失败。他回忆说,那时经常半夜梦里哭醒来,一摸枕头,都是湿的。但是,他始终没有放弃。

 

2011 年 4 月,马斯克通过几位记者向世界宣告了自己的疯狂想法:“他想要造出重型猎鹰火箭”。他大胆承诺,重型猎鹰的运载能力将达到航天飞机和德尔塔 IV 重型火箭的两倍以上,只需要发射一次就可以将宇航员送上月球甚至火星。

 

之后他不断投入,2017 年,Space X 旗下的火箭总共完成了 18 次的发射,约占全球发射总量的五分之一。如今,马斯克终于在今年2月兑现了发射猎鹰火箭的诺言。

马斯克能造出火箭,和他极强的学习能力和执行能力有关。他的思考方式遵循着“第一性原理”——将一件事情归结到其本质。“凡是先想想这个事情的本质,从本质出发,一点一点地往回推。不要和周围常见的事物作比较,不要用既定的思维框架给束缚,不要被过去的经验所绑架,不要被事物的表象所迷惑。就像在充满迷雾的海上航行,你要死死地盯着远方隐隐约约的等待,只有这样,你才能不跑偏,少走弯路,在自己的领域做出颠覆性的创新。”

 

所以,即便最开始造火箭时他什么都不懂。但是,他不断请教相关的专业组织和人才,并且招募到麾下一起工作。他也会根据自己的所学列一个表格,详细罗列出火箭从建造、装配到发射的所有流程和所需零件,并基于此寻找相关专家帮助自己提升。

 

马斯克还自己造火箭的零件。他将整个流程进行拆解,并将每个零件的成本都压缩到逼近原材料价格,还不断提高零件质量。最后他的团队形成了一个封闭系统,将所有工作都承包了,并且不断优化,用最先进的技术一个一个击破,不断地拆分、优化、组装。最终造出了领先世界的猎鹰。

 

埃隆马斯克的最大特质就在于他的目标感非常清晰,而且学习能力和专注力极强。因此他不会受外界的很多因素所影响,可以不断去追求这个世界的本质。他持续在思考和探索,对这个世界最重要的事情是什么,并且结合他的能力来做出这些事情。

同时,一旦他想清楚后,他就竭尽全力去做,并且要做就做到极致,保证品质,控制成本。所以他造出来的产品都是在当时社会环境下面基本上属于极致的产品。

他很清晰自己要什么,也很会运用自己出色的特质。于是他在12岁的时候就开始了自己的创业人生,并且赚到自己的第一桶金。接下来用十余年的时间不断提升自己在多元化领域尤其是在高科技领域的专业积累和学习。因此在28岁的时候,创立了比支付宝还早6年的paypal,让他完全奠定了自己的事业基础。

 

这时他开始思考自己真正精神上的追求和人生使命。就把影响和改变人类的未来,作为自己的终极目标。显而易见,他的一生是完全遵循明天赋,帅天性,复天命的生涯逻辑的,而且还未到50岁的时候,其实已经达到了70岁的思维阶段。

 

47岁的马斯克在实现自己人生使命的过程中,也义无反顾,坚决执行,做到极致,把达成人类的不可能作为自己最重要的人生价值。因此,我们也非常期待,在他接下来的30年中,可以给人类带来更多的可能和精彩。

 

就像他接受采访所说的:

“在你火箭三连发失败时,有想过退出吗?”

“没有。”

“为什么不呢?”

“我从没想过放弃。我认为,要么死得安然,要么活得绚烂。把未来赌在火箭上很冒险,但是不这么投入才是最大的冒险,因为成功的希望为零。”

  

曾国藩与屠羊说:“功成,名遂,身退,天之道也”的老庄精神

我国自唐、宋以后,以儒、释、道三家的哲学,作为文化的主流。在这三家中,佛家是偏重于出世的,虽然佛家的大乘道,也主张入世,普救众生,但出家学道、修道的人,本身还是偏重于出世。而且佛家的学问,从心理入手,然后进入形而上道;儒家的学问,又以孔孟之学为其归趋,则是偏重于入世的,像《大学》、《中庸》。亦有一部分儒家思想,从伦理入手,然后进入形而上道,但是到底是偏重入世;道家的学问,老庄之道就更妙了,可以出世,亦可以入世,或出或入,都任其所欲。像一个人,跨了门槛站在那里,一只脚在门里,一只脚在门外,让人去猜他将入或将出,而别人也永远没有办法去猜,所以道家的学问,是出世的,亦是入世的,可出可入,能出能入。在个人的养生之道上,亦有如此之妙。

了解这些精神以后,欲懂得老庄的运用之道,在“用”上发挥老庄的哲学,那必须先读庄子的《天下篇》和《让王篇》。且举历史上一个人物的行径来说明,也许比理论上的阐述,让大家体会得更深切。

清代的中兴名臣曾国藩,大家都知道,他是近代史上一位大政治家,不必多介绍他的身世功业了。后世的人,说他建功立业,一共有十三套本领,但是其中有十一套大的谋略之学,都未曾流传下来,只留了两套本领给后世的人。其中一套,是著了一部《冰鉴》,把相人之术——这是他老师教给他的——传给后世的人。自他以后,有许多政治的、军事的乃至经济等方面的领导人,运用他这部《冰鉴》所述的相人术选才用人,的确收到了一些效果。

另一套本领,就是他的日记和家书。或者说:曾国藩的日记和家书,不外乎告诉家人,怎样弄好鸡窝,怎样整理菜园,表示很快要回家种田等等,这些琐碎小事,老农老圃也懂,算得什么大本领,值得留传给后人?

这只是一种皮毛的肤浅看法而已。如果进一步去分析曾国藩、曾国荃兄弟当时所建的功业,所处的环境,时代的政治背景,历史的轨迹,就可以了解到曾国藩絮絮于这些琐碎细事,实际上正深厚地运用了老庄之道。

曾国藩兄弟,经过了九年的艰苦战争,终于将曾经占领了半壁江山、摇撼京师、几乎取得政权的太平天国打垮了,他们所建立的“功绩”是满清入关以来,前所未有的,到达了“功高震主”的程度。

“功高震主”的情况,可能有许多人体会不到,试以创办一家公司为比喻。一位公司老板,找到了一位很能干的干部,由于这位干部精明能干,而且很努力,于是因其良好的功劳业绩,由一名小小的业务员,逐步上升,而股长,而主任,而经理,一直升到总经理。到了这个阶段,公司的一切业务,许多事情,他比老板还更了解更熟练,同下面的人缘又好极了,那么,在这种情况下,当老板的就会担起心来。这就“功高震主”了,地位就危险了。在政治上,一个功高震主的大臣,危险与荣誉是成正比的,获得的荣耀勋奖愈多,危险也愈大。不但随时有失去权势财富的可能,甚至生命也往往旦夕不保。

清朝以特务手段驾驭大臣和各级官吏,雍正皇帝是用得最著名而收效的,雍正以后的清朝帝王,均未放弃这一手法。慈禧太后以一女人而专政,就用得更多更厉害,所以曾国藩的日记与家书,写这些个鸡栏、菜圃小事,与其说是给家人子弟看,不如说是给慈禧太后看,期在无形中消除老板的疑心,表示自己不过是一个求田问舍的乡巴佬,以保全首领而已。

再从曾国藩给他弟弟曾国荃的一首诗中,也可很明显地看到他深切的了解老庄思想,灵活运用老庄之道。这首诗说:

左列钟铭右谤书,人间随处有乘除;
低头一拜屠羊说,万事浮云过太虚。

诗中“屠羊说”的典故,就出在庄子的《让王篇》。屠羊说,本来是楚昭王时,市井中一个卖羊肉的屠夫,大家都叫他屠羊说,事实上是一位隐士。“说”是古字,古音通悦字。当时,因为伍员为了报杀父兄之仇,帮助吴国攻打楚国,楚国败亡,昭王逃难出奔到随国。屠羊说便跟着昭王逃亡,在流浪途中,昭王的许多问题,乃至生活上衣食住行,都是他帮忙解决,功劳很大。后来楚国复国,昭王派大臣去问屠羊说希望做什么官。屠羊说答复道:楚王失去了他的故国,我也跟着失去了卖羊肉的摊位,现在楚王恢复了国土,我也恢复了我的羊肉摊,这样便等于恢复了我固有的爵禄,还要什么赏赐呢?昭王再下命令,一定要他接受,于是屠羊说更进一步说:这次楚国失败,不是我的过错,所以我没有请罪杀了我;现在复国了,也不是我的功劳,所以也不能领赏。

他这话是多少带刺的,弦外之音就是说,你当国王失败了,才弄得逃亡。现在你把国家救回来了,也是你的努力和福气。所以楚昭王从大臣那里听到他这样的话,知道这个摆羊肉摊子的,并不是普通人物,于是叫大臣召他来见面。不料屠羊说更乖巧,他回答说:依照我们楚国的政治体制,一定要有很大的功劳,受过重赏的人,才可以面对面见到国王。现在我屠羊说,在文的方面,没有保存国家的知识学问,在武的方面,也没有和敌人拼死一战的勇气。当吴国的军队打进我们首都来的时候,我只因为怕死,而急急慌慌逃走,并不是为了效忠而跟随国王一路逃的,现在国王要召见我,是一件违背政体的事,我不愿意天下人来讥笑楚国没有法制。

楚昭王听了这番理论,更觉得这个羊肉摊子老板非等闲之辈,于是派了一位更高级的大臣,官司马,名子綦——相近于现代的国防部长,吩咐子綦说,这个羊肉摊的老板,虽然没有什么地位,可是他所说的道理非常高明,现在由你去请他来,说我要请他做国家的三公高位。想想看,由一位全国的三军统帅出面来请,这中间有些什么意味。可是屠羊说还是不吃这一套,他说我知道三公的地位,比我一个羊肉摊老板不知要高贵多少倍,这个位置上的薪水,万钟之禄,恐怕我卖一辈子羊肉也赚不了那么多。可是,我怎么可以因为自己贪图高官厚禄,而使我的君主得一个滥行奖赏的恶名呢?我还是不能够这样做的,请你把我的羊肉摊子还给我吧!

当然事实上,楚昭王能复国,许多主意并非都是由这位羊肉摊老板提出来的。后来他再三再四地不肯作官,就是“功成,名遂,身退,天之道也”的老庄精神,正是最有学问的人。

Bottom all the way to top

DJ Drama Queen

[Hook]
Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

[Mike D]
Since 16 I can remember a Benz on her
Now I’m out in Sunny California
On that marijuana
I’m talkin an ole G
And the drank got me leaning
Put the 84’s on a ’64 and show em how the gangsta leanin
I was at the bottom now I’m at the top
Switched up my style and they don’t like me now
I put it in yo face that’s why I stay on your mind
And y’all can keep hatin but I’mma stay on the grind
Can’t slack one second can’t lack one minute
Ain’t got a million yet daddy but the plot thicken
With that said I will kill niggas dad
Go to playing with my bread
And I’mma show you how to play it
Pass out four and a half
The hood a get ya (Third Ward)
Somebody should have told that boy I’m bout business
24/7 around the clock
That’s why I get it nonstop
From the Bottom to the Top (yea)

[Hook]
Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

[Z-Ro]
No weapon will prosper that’s formed against me(formed against me)
So you can pull the trigger til the clips are empty(clips are empty)
Or you can tie a rope in a noose and even lynch me(even lynch me)
If GOD ain’t ready for me to go you can’t send me(bitch)
You crab in a bucket holdin on to my leg(on to my leg)
Don’t wanna see me make over the edge
I’m full speed ahead
Nothing can stop me
Even if the prison block me
I’m a press 100,000 and sell each and every copy
From a Jalopy to a Jag
No more doing bad
Who go carry all the money I can’t fit in my pants
We eat offer more than a 130 hard hits
Got a 30 yard 6
For you dirty fraud tricks
Candy doors open and close
On the van and Magnum and the Lac
I remember where I came from and I ain’t going back
I ain’t talkin’ about the hood
I’m talkin’ about when it wasn’t all good
Understood

[Hook 2X]
Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin’ fast
All about my cash

[Z-Ro]
Ain’t no time to play
Pull it in perspective
Time for ho checkin bitch made nigga wreckin and collecting
Memory weapon selecting
Cause a mind is a terrible thing to waste
I’mma keep my mind in they face
Cause I’m thinkin throwed making decisions
On how to come up on another million
Even though my people wanna hate
I’m in love with my state, yes I am
How they feel about Texas I don’t give a damn
From the Bottom all the way to the top of another sticky situation
Too many women wanna have relations
I’m coastin
Inside of my trunk is a big commotion
Twelve 12’s ripping it wide open
Don’t make me jump executive up in this bitch
Double breasted three piece suit with fedora and gator wing tips
Everyday of the week I sleep on satin and silk sheets
Cause I got em
At the top all the way from the bottom

[Hook]
Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin

[Hook 2X]
Bottom all the way to top
And it seem like a struggle so I had to get out
No doubt
I’m bout my paper so I had to smash
150 on my dash
So you know I’m rollin fast
All about my cash

别高估人际关系,别低估人性规则

文 | 田心 · 主播 | 安东尼

昨天,微博上有个热门话题讨论:

#越来越多的成年人开始消失在朋友圈#

网友们纷纷评论,也道出了背后的辛酸真相。

“越来越觉得自己渺小和不重要”

“其实根本没人关心你朋友圈写的是什么”……

是的,越来越多的成年人在做人生的减法,剔除不必要的社交。

到了一定年纪,我们终将懂得,没人真正在意你。

没人在意你今天穿了哪套衣服,也没人在意你究竟过得好不好,每个人都在自己的世界里忙活,无暇顾及你的喜怒哀乐。

知乎上有个提问:与人交往最好的态度是什么?

有个高赞回答:一个成年人与人交往的最好态度就是,做好自己,亲疏随缘。

在成年人的世界里,不高估和任何人的关系,也不低估人性的规则,就是人际交往的真相。

不要高估你和任何人的关系

以前总觉得自己是世界的中心,父母、亲戚、朋友都围着自己转。

渐渐长大才发现,我们只是自己世界的中心。

记得沙溢在节目中曾略带忧桑地说:

“有一天晚上我翻看手机,发现除了我儿子给我发的信息,没有任何人给我发信息。

以前总以为自己很重要,其实,每个人在别人心中都没有那么重要。”

 

在别人的世界里,我们终究只是配角,只有在自己的世界里,才是真正的主角。

世态炎凉,时光流转,曾经心心念念的人,一个转身,就可能形同陌路。

曾互诉衷肠的朋友,如今也少有联络;曾经相濡以沫的爱情,最后也无疾而终;

哪怕是亲近的亲人,也可能因为时空的阻隔而渐行渐远。

于是,我们渐渐明白,对于有些人,可以期待,但不要依赖。

蔡康永说过:

“我鼓励大家做一个冷淡的人,过于热情不是一个人维持良好关系的方法。” 

是啊,人与人之间走得太近会伤害,太远会疏忽,不远不近,恰到好处,才能相处不累。

不要高估你和任何人的关系,到了一定年纪,你要学会给自己打伞。

懂得自我欣赏、自我成全,才能活得肆意洒脱。

不要把一切视作理所当然

有人说:“人性最大的恶,是不懂感恩。”

认为父母就应该任劳任怨,同事就应该竭尽全力,朋友就应该倾尽所有。

但其实,这个世界上,没有什么是理所当然的。

曾看到这样一句话:我们应该记得别人的好,然后加倍偿还,而不是一味索取。

懂得感恩,是人际关系的润滑剂,感情才能在岁月的洗礼下越来越浓厚。

韩剧《请回答1988》中,德善妈妈因为家里困窘,向富裕的正焕妈妈借钱,可是话到嘴边,却怎么也说不出口,于是,悻悻而归。

回到家却发现,正焕妈妈把钱藏在了菜篮子里,偷偷放在了德善家的窗台上,就离开了。

感动之余,德善妈妈也并没有把帮助当成理所应当,而是想尽一切办法去回报,比如在德善爸爸发工资后,买了海鲜大餐送给大家分享。

北野武在《北野武的小酒馆》中有这样一段关于友情的阐述:

“以前我帮过你,现在你为什么不帮我?

想要从友谊中得到什么,这想法本身就错了。

什么是真正的友谊?自己有难的时候也不愿意去麻烦朋友。”

是啊,那些总是打着朋友的旗号来占你便宜的人,不是真朋友,只是一种唯利是图的“伪朋友”。

人到中年,应该明白,真正的友谊,是不添麻烦;真正的亲情,是懂得感恩;真正的爱情,是彼此体谅。

不要在任何地方高看自己

卡耐基曾写道:

“如果我们只是要在别人面前表现自己,使别人对我们感兴趣的话,我们将永远不会有许多真实而诚挚的朋友。”

生活中,那些妄自尊大、得意忘形的人,总是会引起别人的反感。

而真正有能力的人,大多为人低调,不张扬。

晚清重臣曾国藩,即便立下赫赫战功,享受高官厚禄,但依然为人低调。

他曾给弟弟曾国荃寄去一封信,信中附了这样一首诗:

“左列钟铭右读书,人间随处有乘除;低头一拜屠羊说,万事浮云过太虚。”

是在告诫弟弟,千万不要因为暂时取得成绩就狂妄自大,越有功劳越要学会低调。

不张扬、不忘形;低调做人,高调做事,才是对自己人生负责的态度。

苹果公司首席执行官库克,是硅谷薪酬最高的高管之一,可即便被封为成功人士,他也一向以低调的姿态示人。

库克常说:

“我喜欢提醒自己来自哪里,将自己置身于不起眼的环境,有助于自己前行”。

不在任何地方高看自己,才能越过光环的束缚,看到自己的不足,更好地前行。

低调的人总能摆正自己的位置,平淡、平静、平和,最终抵达内心的丰盈与澄明。

不要在任何地方低估他人

俞敏洪曾说过:

“不要低估别人,因为每个人都有能力和优势长处,应该学会向每个人学习。”

人外有人、天外有天,放下自以为是的骄傲,才能赢得彼此的尊重。

有一次,京剧大师梅兰芳在戏院演出《杀惜》,观众鼓掌喝彩,唯独一位衣着朴素的老人大声喊道:

“不好不好。”

听到这话,梅兰芳没有生气,而是在演戏结束之后,派车把老人恭恭敬敬地请回家,亲自向老人讨教。

老人看他诚意可嘉,就告诉他刚才演戏时台步中存在的问题。

梅兰芳听后恍然大悟,并连连道谢。

从那以后,梅兰芳每次演出,都要请这位老人去观看评点,还把他奉为“老师”。

不低估他人,懂得每个人都有优点,在尊重别人时,收获对方的尊重。

尊重他人,是对别人的优点,去欣赏、去接纳、去赞美;是对别人不同的地方,不排斥、不藐视、不贬低。

《孟子》有言:爱人者,人恒爱之;敬人者,人恒敬之。

不以貌取人、不带有色眼镜看人,学会尊重他人、欣赏他人,才更能接近生命的繁华与美好。

时刻保持一颗谦逊的心

尼采说:

“谦逊基于力量,高傲基于无能。”

一个人内心越丰盈,才越谦卑,也更能体恤他人的感受。

国学大师季羡林就有这样一件趣事。

一年开学时,一名新生扛着行李袋四处跑,实在累得不行。

看到一位老人,他以为是保安,就请求老人帮忙看一下行李,他去办入学手续。

折腾半天,这位学生办完手续回来,发现老人还在原地,头顶着烈日帮他看行李。

等到开学典礼时,学生才知道,那位衣着朴素、谦卑有礼的人,竟然就是副校长季羡林。

一个谦逊的人,时刻保持亲切随和、谦虚包容,会让人感受到如沐春风般的温暖。

《了凡四训》中有言: 

“唯谦受福。”

意思是说,只有具备谦虚之心的人,才能获得幸运与幸福。

老子就曾对待人傲慢的阳子居说:我以为你是可以成大器的人,现在看来,实在不堪教诲。

听了老子的责备,阳子居跪在老子的门外聆听教诲。

老子说:君子与人相处,如同冰融于水那样自然融洽,与人共事,如同童子仆人那样谦逊低下。一个被他人敬而远之的人,别说成大器,就是立足于世也很难。

阳子居这才恍然大悟,知道悔改。

《道德经》中有言:

“上善若水,水利万物而不争。”

一个谦逊的人,懂得更好地与自己相处,也可以与周围的万物和谐共生。

成年以后,我们慢慢变得不争不吵不炫耀,不强求、不期待、不执着,这不是嘴上的佛系,而是从根本上明白了人际交往的真谛,理解了为人处世的本质。

不高估人际关系,不低估人性规则,处处尊重他人,时时保持谦卑,用真正高级的活法,过完自己漫长的一生。

共勉。

  • END –

BBC揭锻炼的真相 结果颠覆常识:几亿人的锻炼都是错的

慢跑、健走真的能减肥吗?

瘦的人内脏就一定没有脂肪吗?

偶尔运动比不运动更好吗?

英国广播公司BBC制作的一部纪录片《锻炼的真相》颠覆了人们对运动的很多常识性认识,就引起不小轰动。

主持人Mike通过亲身参与运动实验的方式,揭示了健身中几个最常遇到的问题,解答了千千万万运动的人的困惑。

带着疑惑,主持人Mike开始了他的第一个实验。自媒体“咩咩文摘”也对实验内容进行了详细的解读:

1.长时间低强度运动到底能消耗人体多少热量?

带着阻氧面罩,主持人进行了一个小时的慢跑,时速在10公里左右,虽然不快,但还是让他比较疲惫。

旁边的体育科学家分析了他的能量消耗后发现,Mike在这一个小时中的热量消耗为16大卡/分钟,也就是说这一个小时慢跑下来,他只消耗了960大卡热量,结果不尽人意!

你一定很难相信,平均慢跑1分钟,只消耗16大卡,也就是说,如果你早餐吃了一个鸡蛋,那么你要慢跑5分钟左右才能代谢掉!

而如果你只是步行,那么需要的时间就会更久!

而如果你像Mike一样,美美地吃了一顿包括卡布基诺、蓝莓松饼、香蕉在内的点心,那么,你要慢跑一个小时,才能将这些热量代谢掉!

看来,慢跑、快步走等低强度有氧运动并没有我们想的那么“强力”,低强度的有氧运动并没有很好的减脂效果。

既然对减肥的效果并不大,那我们是不是就不要跑步了?

答案是否定的,因为低强度运动对健康有着特殊的意义,只是对于减肥,真的效果太差了!

2.那么这种长时间的低强度运动,还有必要继续吗?

所以就有了第二个实验,Mike被邀请去吃英式传统早餐,大概是这样的:

分量虽小,但热量却不低,这份早餐的脂肪含量相当于普通人一天的脂肪摄入量。

吃完这顿早餐4个小时之后,Mike来到格拉斯哥大学运动医学实验室进行了抽血化验。

结果让他大吃一惊,这顿早饭让他血液中的脂肪含量增加了一倍。而更危险的是,这种脂肪很容易形成血管脂肪壁,进而导致各种心血管疾病。

同时,这种脂肪也是内脏脂肪的主要来源,内脏脂肪是指隐藏在我们肝脏、肾脏、脾脏等内脏周围的脂肪。

Mike随后来到医院进行了磁共振扫描,然后被吓到了,白色的部分都是体内的脂肪。

也就是说他的体型虽然不胖,但内脏脂肪却很多,是那种外瘦内肥类型的。

为了探究低强度运动与血液中脂肪的关系,Mike又做了另外一个尝试,就是进行90分钟的“散步”。然后再来一顿同样油腻腻的早餐。

同样进行血液化验,可结果却让他吃惊。

前一晚90分钟的散步,让他第二天饱食一顿早餐后的血液脂肪含量相比上次餐后减少了三分之一。

这是因为,运动能在人体内激发一种酶,在消耗脂肪的同时,也在阻止摄入的脂肪进入血液,从而降低血脂。

低强度运动对健康有着特殊的意义,能降低血液脂肪含量。

然而不是每个人每天都能进行90分钟的散步,那么有没有什么方式能够在更短的时间内达到这种效果呢?

于是,Mike接着又进行了第三场实验:短时间、高强度的运动。

3.有没有什么方式能够在更短的时间内达到这种效果呢?

短时间、高强度的运动。

Mike以自己的极限速度骑单车20秒,短暂休息后继续,每次三组,每周做三次训练。

实验证明,这种锻炼方式所能带来的健康益处,等同于在每周在健身房中锻炼两到三个小时。

这种锻炼方法的原理在于,高强度运动能分解肌肉的糖原储备,而这正是血糖的储存方式。

这会让肌肉向血液发出信号,“我需要更多的糖”,并从血液中取走糖分。

更重要的是,散步或慢跑只能调动20%~30%的肌肉组织,而这种方式则能调动70%~80%,启动了大量的协调机制。

这种简单粗暴的锻炼法,对胰岛素与血糖的影响会在2周后呈现,而对有氧代谢能力的促进作用则在6周后才能体现。

然而,以上所说的训练方法却有一个前提——即不能久坐,这就是Mike参加的第四个实验:

4.以上所说的训练方法却有一个前提,即不能久坐

平时静坐工作,晚上集中时间锻炼的Mike,将和一位每天需要不停走动6个小时的餐厅服务员进行对比。

在我们的印象中,走路算不上健身运动,而平时工作,晚上按时去健身房锻炼会给我们带来很好的减脂效果,但是结果却令人惊讶!

结果出来,却是女服务员的活动量最足,而平时不运动,定期去健身房运动,和一直不运动几乎没有太大区别!

下图上部分是那位没有固定健身习惯,但是平时较为活跃的女餐厅服务员;下部分则是平时静坐工作,每周按时健身的主持人。仅活动量这块,女服务员就比男主持人多消耗了500大卡。

运动医学家最后表示,平时久坐少动,即使定期健身也于事无补。

久坐绝对是健康头号杀手,因为当身体闲下来时,黏性物质不断积累,血糖和血脂水平开始上升,为了使能量在身体内流动,“你必须每小时活动!”

最终,根据几个实验的结果,Mike得出了自己关于锻炼的结论:

1、慢跑、快走等低强度运动,能量消耗很低,低的令人发指,对减肥的效果并不大。但却能减少血液里的脂肪,对健康有益。

2、看上去瘦的人,不一定“瘦”,他们的内脏脂肪可能更多,身体的健康问题也许比胖子更为严重。

3、从效果上看,短时间高强度锻炼,效果堪比长时间的温和锻炼。

4、以上所说的训练方法有一个前提:不能久坐!平时不运动,定期去健身房运动,和一直不运动几乎没有太大区别!

最好的锻炼方式是平时的细微活动与适量激烈运动相结合。——Mike

但是,这也并非适用于所有人,因为运动对人的影响存在明显的个体差异,适合自己的才是最好的。

来源:健康时报

IPO vs. Staying Private: Comparing the Differences

COMPANY PROFILES IPOS
IPO vs. Staying Private: Comparing the Differences1
FACEBOOK
TWITTER
LINKEDIN
BY AMY FONTINELLE Updated Jul 8, 2019
IPO vs. Staying Private: An Overview
If you own a successful private company and want to grow it, you might be thinking about going public. It can be a great way to raise money, increase your company’s profile, and feel like you’ve really made it. But it’s expensive and time-consuming to become and remain publicly traded, and you lose some control of the business. Let’s take a closer look at these and other pros and cons of going public versus staying private.

KEY TAKEAWAYS
Going public might improve your company’s bottom line—but it won’t necessarily make you rich because founders may not be able to sell their shares.
When you go public you can use your company stock as currency.
You can use an IPO to acquire other companies to grow faster, to take out competitors, or to strengthen your market position.
Staying private means you have more autonomy to operate without having to answer to potentially thousands of outsider shareholders.
IPO
The biggest motivation to conduct an initial public offering (IPO) is typically financial. “Going public gets you cash—and usually lots of it,” says Eric Chen, an associate professor of business administration at the University of Saint Joseph in West Hartford, Conn., where he teaches finance, strategy, and law classes. In his previous career in corporate finance and equity research, Chen says he led or participated in taking more than 25 companies public. “Where you might have been cash-constrained before, you’re now flush with capital that you’re supposed to invest in the company in order to make it grow exponentially,” he says.

There is also a certain perceived legitimacy in being public, Chen says. “People will know about you. Being public will make it easier for you to do business with others. Securing financing will also be easier,” he says since the money companies raise from going public usually shores up the balance sheet. Potential investors and business partners may feel more comfortable working with you since your company information will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and available for all to see.

In addition to increasing perceptions of your company’s legitimacy, “there is just a perceived cool factor about going public, ringing the bell, and trading on the stock market—it’s like a rite of passage,” says Jeremy S. Office, founder and principal of Maclendon Wealth Management and co-founder and managing partner of venture fund SJO Worldwide, both in Delray Beach, Fla.

Staying Private
Going public may help you grow your balance sheet, smooth business transactions, make it easier to take over competitors, and make you stand up a little straighter, but there are many pros to remaining private. You report to a finite group of investors, Office says, and while your pool of potential investors is smaller since they have to be accredited, “right now there is a record amount of capital going to early-stage companies.”

Staying private means you can choose exactly who invests in your company, and it’s not as if you can’t decide to go public later. But as long as you remain private, you don’t have to alter your company’s focus or strategy to meet Wall Street’s expectations, Office says.

Going public is also a huge risk. “What if the IPO is a failure? The IPO flop can end your business,” Office says. A benefit of staying private is that you don’t subject your company to that risk. If you’re in a position where you’re so successful that going public is even a consideration, you might actually be better off leaving things as they are.

“If you’re not big enough, don’t even think about it,” Chen says. “The markets are littered with small companies who really didn’t have enough to sustain a public offering.” Depending on the industry you’re in, this can happen to companies that post several hundred million in annual sales, he says. You need to have a strong following so the company’s stock will trade properly. “Many of these situations end up as ‘penny stocks’ and face delisting from the exchange,” he says.

IPO Cons
While the prestige and cash are tempting reasons to go public, the expensive and time-consuming process and requirements for holding an IPO and being publicly traded are significant drawbacks.

“Going public, even under the reduced reporting requirements of the JOBS Act, can be an expensive exercise,” says Helen Adams, San Diego area managing partner of Haskell & White, one of the largest independently owned accounting, auditing, and tax consulting firms in Southern California. “There are specific SEC financial statement filing requirements on a quarterly and annual basis, and many periodic legal reporting requirements, including those for material transactions and for stock trading by senior executives and board members,” she says.

Chen also adds that going public itself is an expensive process. “You have to pay for road shows, and your senior management is going to spend lots of time prepping for the offering instead of focusing on the business.”

A major benefit of staying private is that you limit your downside risk. You can keep doing what you’re doing to earn the profits that have made your business as strong as it already is.
In short, you’re going to spend more money as a public company than a private one, Chen says. “If you’re the size of GE, you can afford the extra costs of being public,” he says. But if you’re small, you might find that your bottom line gets chewed up by costs you didn’t consider carefully. “Don’t expect to get your money out anytime soon,” Chen says. “Your shares are going to be subject to lock-up provisions for at least six months.”

The reasons for this are largely based on investor psychology. “Think about a situation where Facebook is going public, and Mark Zuckerberg is selling his own shares into the offering,” Chen says. “Investors will think, ‘What does he know that the public doesn’t? Is he looking to dump shares on bad news?’” This doesn’t mean you won’t eventually be able to sell your holdings, but it does mean you will likely have to wait.

Staying Private Cons
With a private company, you may not be able to attract top talent through benefits like stock incentives, says Mike Ser, an active trader, trading coach, and entrepreneur with more than 16 years of trading experience. He is the co-founder, along with Andy Man, of Ser Man Traders, a training program for professional traders. Another con is that as a private company, you can’t use your stock as currency to acquire your competitors or other companies. “If you’re a private company, it’s more of a challenge as you either have to have cash or borrow debt to acquire companies,” he says.

Staying private also limits liquidity for existing investors. They can’t easily sell their stake in the company by going to a public exchange. For a well-known, top-performing, venture-capital backed company, it might not be so hard to find a buyer, but in the case of a lesser-known company, the only potential buyers might be other existing owners. Selling shares in the secondary market is often challenging, especially since prospective buyers have to be accredited investors.

The investors you do have might hold a significant stake in your company and be vocal about how they think you should run the business. You might not have as much control as you’d like, even if your company remains private.

At the same time, relying on private investors may not allow you to raise the funding you need, and you may not be able to find enough private investors who are interested in your company.

Going public isn’t always the best choice for your business. It will no doubt be fun to brag about it to everyone you know, but it might not be as lucrative as you think, given the costs of the IPO itself and the increased financial reporting requirements. You’ll lose some control over the company to shareholders who want a say in the business and to the ongoing need to keep both your company’s performance and the public’s perception high so the stock price doesn’t tank.

SPONSORED
Start with ¥3000 trading bonus
Trade forex and CFDs on stock indices, commodities, metals and energies with a licensed and regulated broker. For all clients who open their first real account, XM offers a ¥3000 trading bonus to test the XM products and services without any initial deposit needed. Learn more about how you can trade from your PC and Mac, or from a variety of mobile devices.

Compare Investment Accounts

Advertiser Disclosure
Related Articles

IPOS

5 Tips for Investing in IPOs

CORPORATE FINANCE & ACCOUNTING

The Basics of Financing a Business

PRIVATE EQUITY & VENTURE CAP

How to Value Private Companies

CAREER ADVICE

What Management Accountants Do

STUDENT LOANS

What to Do If You Have Problems with Your Student Loan Servicer

TAXES

Filling Out the W-9 Form
Related Terms
Learn about Private Company
A private company is a company held under private ownership with shares that are not traded publicly on exchanges. more
Learn About Initial Public Offerings (IPOs)
An initial public offering (IPO) refers to the process of offering shares of a private corporation to the public in a new stock issuance. more
W-9 Form Definition
A W-9 form is an Internal Revenue Service form which is used to confirm a person’s taxpayer identification number (TIN). more
Understanding Opportunity Cost
Opportunity cost is the benefit that is missed or given up when an investor, individual or business chooses one alternative over another. more
Personal Finance
Personal finance is all about managing your income and your expenses, and saving and investing. Learn which educational resources can guide your planning and the personal characteristics that will help you make the best money-management decisions. more
Budget Definition
A budget is an estimation of revenue and expenses over a specified future period of time and is usually compiled and re-evaluated on a periodic basis. Budgets can be made for a variety of individual or business needs or just about anything else that makes and spends money. more
Ad

About Us
Advertise
Contact
Privacy Policy
Terms of Use
Careers
Investopedia is part of the Dotdash publishing family.
The Balance
Lifewire
TripSavvy
The Spruce
and more

Muji says sorry after calling parts of Shanghai the ‘French Concession’

Sep 12, 2019
Photo: Handout
by
Qin Chen
124
SHARES
Japanese retailer Muji has apologized in China after using the term “French Concession” to refer to a historic neighborhood in Shanghai in a marketing campaign.

The term, which is still commonly used in the megacity, angered some Chinese internet users who found it insulting because it invoked an era in which China had to grant a number of concessions to countries such as France, Britain, the US and Japan.

The former French Concession was an area run by French diplomats from 1849 to the 1940s, where extraterritoriality prevailed.

People also read:
What Shanghai needs to become a financial hub of the world
Police bust Shanghai toy boy club

An outline of the French Concession in 1937. Photo: Google Maps and Inkstone/Tom Leung
Despite decades of redevelopment, the tree-lined area retains a distinctive European character and is still considered one of Shanghai’s top residential and retail districts. Muji has a flagship store located there.

The retail chain came under fire this week for invoking the term “French Concession” in an online social media post inviting its followers to go on a walking tour of the neighborhood starting from its outlet.

On Chinese social media, many were upset by the Japanese retailer’s use of the term.

“Still calling it the French Concession? Please wake up, Japan,” a top-voted commentator said on Weibo, China’s version of Twitter.

The Global Times, a nationalist tabloid, said: “Here in China, we no longer have things like the French Concession, which betrayed our national interests.”

Muji has 256 stores in mainland China, the biggest overseas market for the company. Photo: Shutterstock
But not all online comments were critical.

“When I went to Shanghai to visit, my friends would say lets go have fun in the French Concession. Why are you guys so sensitive all of a sudden? ” said another popular Weibo post.

In response, Muji apologized in an official reply to Shanghai-based media Pear Video, which posted a report about the controversy on Wednesday.

“We had no intention of hurting Chinese people’s feelings. We fully respect China’s culture and history,” it said, adding it had canceled the walking tour promotion and deleted the original post.

China is Muji’s biggest market outside of Japan, with more than 200 stores.

China and Japan have a long history of bad blood.

The Bund, a famed waterfront area, was the trade and financial hub in the former International Settlement. Today, visitors go for a view of its neo-classical architecture. Photo: Bloomberg/Qilai Shen
Relations between the two countries have waxed and waned over the years. Japanese pop culture and food are very popular in China, though political tension flares at times.

In 1843, Shanghai was one of five port cities opened to foreign powers as part of treaty agreements after China lost the First Opium War to Great Britain.

Britain was the first to establish a settlement area in Shanghai in 1845. After that, France, the US and Japan all established settlements in the city.

The former settlements are among Shanghai’s top tourist attractions today.

Get the Inkstone newsletter
Inkstone covers politics, business and society in China to bring you fresh insight into a rising power.
Daily : China in your mailbox, every weekday.
Weekend : weekly highlights of the best stories from China.

SIGN UP
By registering you must agree to our T&Cs

Qin Chen
Qin is a multimedia producer at Inkstone. Most recently, she was a senior video producer for The New Yorker’s video team. Prior to that she was at CNBC, making short documentaries and writing about how technology shapes lives.
More Articles from Qin Chen

Business
You may now bring your own food to Shanghai Disney (but no durians, please)

Politics
Trial of alleged Mar-a-Lago intruder begins with underwear snafu

Sports
Yao Ming weeps after Chinese basketball team crushed
More on this topic

Business
What Shanghai needs to become a financial hub of the world

Society
Police bust Shanghai toy boy club
TRANSLATING CHINA
PRIVACY POLICY
TERMS & CONDITIONS
© 2019 South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423424425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444445446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460461462463464465466467468469470471472473474475476477478479480481482483484485486487488489490491492493494495496497498499500501502503504505506507508509510511512513514515516517518519520521522523524525526527528529530531532533534535536537538539540541542543544545546547548549550551552553554555556557558559560561562563564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585586587588589