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扎克伯格如何变成了“政治动物”political animal

扎克伯格如何变成了“政治动物”political animal

By Deepa Seetharaman and Emily Glazer
Oct. 16, 2020 9:00 am ET Wall Street Journal

How Mark Zuckerberg Learned Politics
Facebook’s chief, once uninterested, has transformed himself into an active political operator in the Trump era

For more than a decade as he built Facebook Inc. FB -0.30% into a global force, Mark Zuckerberg made it clear he didn’t care for politics. Early advisers strained to hold his attention in briefings about D.C. lawmakers, people familiar with the matter say, and he frequently said he would gladly leave the politics to others.

No longer. Mr. Zuckerberg is now an active political operator. He has dined with President Trump, talks regularly with White House senior adviser Jared Kushner, and has pressed lawmakers and officials to scrutinize rivals including TikTok and Apple Inc., people involved in the discussions say.

Mr. Zuckerberg, 36 years old, speaks with conservative thinkers and civil rights groups, and—after leaving most planning for the 2016 U.S. election to deputies—he is now playing a hands-on role in setting Facebook’s policies for this year’s race. Many of those policies, especially those affecting political ads and user posts, have been contentious, eliciting criticism from Republicans and Democrats alike, including President Trump and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden, as well as from within the company.


During Mark Zuckerberg’s first time testifying before Congress, in 2018, lawmakers peppered the Facebook CEO with questions about the company’s privacy controls.
PHOTO: PABLO MARTINEZ MONSIVAIS/ASSOCIATED PRESS

Mr. Zuckerberg’s evolution in many ways tracks Facebook’s development from a college-based social network into a central element in the American political system—and a punching bag for both parties. The intense scrutiny of the social-media giant’s influence from all sides during the past four years has made increased political acumen a necessity for its CEO. Facebook’s massive reach and focus on free speech have at times made it a super-spreader of falsehoods, hate speech, terrorist propaganda and other posts it struggles to control.

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Harvey Yan

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